What is plastic surgery?
Plastic surgery is the surgical process of reconstructing or repairing parts of the body, via tissue transfer. This may be done either for injury, genetic defects or other aesthetic reasons.
Most common types of plastic surgery
- breast reduction or augmentation
- reduce the size of ears
- reset protruding ears
- correct droopy eyelids
- remove bags from under eyes
- repair and remove facial wrinkles, creases or scars
- change the shape and appearance of the nose
- tummy tuck to flatten the abdomen
Know the risks
Before considering plastic surgery you need to be aware of the risks involved. These include but are not limited to:
- complications related to anesthesia such as blood clots
- infection at the site
- fluid build up
- bleeding which may result in follow up surgery or a transfusion
- nerve damage which may lead to excessive numbness or tingling
- deep vein thrombosis
- pulmonary embolism
- organ damage
- rejection of skin grafts or tissue implants
Initial Consultation with a plastic surgeon
You should have a consultation with a plastic surgeon to discuss your options. Make sure you choose a surgeon that specializes the specific type of procedure in which you are interested. Also do your research and make certain that they have the proper certifications from either an accredited association. Your doctor will ask for your full medical history including any previous surgeries, health issues and any and all medications you may be taken.
There are some factors you need to take into consideration before getting plastic surgery. You might want to discuss these with your plastic surgeon at your initial consultation.
- What are your expectations? Don’t expect perfection, just improvement.
- What is the expense? Most insurance plans do not cover plastic surgery so be prepared for the cost, as well as the cost of follow up care and/or procedures.
- What risks are involved with your particular procedure? Discuss the possible risks, complications and side effects of the operation.
- What is the recovery time? Recovery time can vary from days to weeks to even months depending on the procedure. Take into consideration how it may affect both your professional and personal life.
- What are the psychological effects? Although your self esteem might drastically improve after the surgery, plastic surgery is not a long term cure for depression or anxiety.
If you have any of the following conditions you may not be an ideal candidate for plastic surgery
- heart disease
- severe infections
- infectious hepatitis or HIV
- certain types of cancer
- extreme obesity
- blood clotting disorders
- liver disease
- lung disease
Types of Procedures
General Plastic Surgery
This encompasses a number of different procedures usually involving the skin and include tummy tucks, dermabrasion and otoplasty.
Cosmetic surgery is usually performed on the facial region and is intended to correct or enhance facial features. These include rhinoplasty, blepharoplasty, face lifts and breast augmentation or mammoplasty.
This type of surgery is most often performed on burn or accident victims and may involve rebuilding bones that have been severely damaged as well as skin grafting. It also includes reattaching severed limbs.